Living in an area that experiences all of the seasons in all of their glory means that you will have trouble growing plants all year round and some plants are just off limits because they will not be able to grow properly or survive the winter. With a little effort and a few gadgets you can build a garden in your home and enjoy the greenery, even in the harshest winters.
The first thing you need is light. Especially in the winter, proper light for plants is scarce in a house. Regular incandescent bulbs will not cut it because they do not produce the right kind of light and they don’t produce enough of it either way. You should look into replacing all of your incandescent bulbs with either compact fluorescent lamps or, better yet, LED lights. Both are more efficient, in regards to energy consumptions, and produce better light than standard bulbs. They both also have much longer potential working lives than incandescent bulbs. LED lights have the added advantage of containing no glass that can break and cut you but they need to be in much larger arrays than CFL bulbs to get the same lumens. All in all CFL bulbs win out.
The next thing you need to think about is potting your plants. You can go the simple route and get some large planters and fill them with a proper planting mix for what you are trying to grow if you want to stay simple. If you want to step up from there, you can get an automatic drip feeding and watering system. This cuts out the tedious task of scheduling watering times and making sure that you don’t miss any. You should also look into getting a timer for your CFL and LED light bulbs so that your plants get the right amount of light for their needs. Every plant is different so do your research and enjoy vegetables all year round. I like hot peppers, personally.